7. Silicon ValleyDefense Industry
The Cold War era after World War II saw a major transformation in Santa Clara. New industries started in the valley to develop defense technology. Radio, radar, missiles and electric circuits replaced agriculture as the primary industry. Research conducted at Stanford University and in corporations expanded technology into new uses. An educated and growing labor force came to support this industry.
Santa Clara experienced an unprecedented housing boom after World War II as veterans and their families came to the City for job opportunities and low cost land. Agricultural tracts were annexed to the City and developed with housing subdivisions featuring single family ranch style homes. The population grew from 6,650 residents in 1940 to 58,850 in 1960. By its Sesquicentennial in 2002, Santa Clara had grown to a population of 104,300.
High Tech Growth
Since the late 1960s, the technology industry has been the primary force behind Santa Clara's growth. Many large international corporations located their headquarters here including Intel, National Semiconductor and Applied Materials. Santa Clara firms develop and build microprocessors, computer software and hardware, communication products, and biotechnology. Silicon Valley, with Santa Clara at its center, is known throughout the world.
Santa Clara in 2002
Santa Clara in 2002 is very different from the small town that was incorporated in 1852. The orchards are gone, replaced by homes, schools, places of worship, shopping centers, and industry. Beautiful parks and many public facilities add to the City's quality of life. In 2001, Santa Clara was named an All-America City. It may be larger, but in many ways Santa Clara is still the "Valley Of Heart's Delight."